Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Rhinophoridae Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863

Miroslav Barták

Czech University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Department of Zoology and Fisheries,
CZ-165 21 Praha 6 - Suchdol, Czech Republic;

Small to medium-sized flies, body length of European species ranging from 2.5 to 10.0 mm. Most species are black in ground-colour, very rarely metallic. Metathoracic spiracle with both anterior and posterior fringes small, subscutellum convex but never greatly swollen as in Tachinidae. Lower calypter tongue-like or oval and diverging from scutellum, proepisternal depression bare. Crosskey (1977)  discussed a number of taxonomic characters in detail and Pape (1998) provided a general conspectus of the family. There are no unambiguous adult characters for an easy differentiation from the Calliphoridae and Tachinidae. The larval morphology, however, provides strong evidence of a monophyletic taxon (Pape 1992). The eggs are white, fusiform in outline and with a flattened dorsal hatching stripe bearing a plastron (for further details see Draber-Moňko 1997). So far as is known, all species are endoparasitoids of woodlice.

Altogether 47 species are known to occur in Europe (Pape 2007, Cerreti & Pape 2007); nine are listed in the present checklist: nine in the Czech Republic (eight in Bohemia, nine in Moravia), and nine in Slovakia. Since the ECV1, the number of species has not increased. The species-richness of the rhinophorid fauna is moderately well known in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The basic characteristics of the family were given by Pape (1998) and Pape and Arnaud (2001). All the Czech species may be identified using the keys in the monograph by Herting (1961). The nomenclature in this checklist is that of the Fauna Europaea (Pape 2007).

This paper was partly supported by IRP MSM 6046070901 (Ministry of education, youth and sports).


[1] Crosskey R.W. 1977: A review of the Rhinophoridae (Diptera) and a revision of the Afrotropical species. Bulletin of  The British Museum (Natural History), Entomology series 36(1): 1-66.

[2] Cerreti P. & Pape T. 2007: Two new species of European Stevenia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Rhiniphoridae) and a key to the Palaearctic species. Zootaxa 1624: 31-41.

[3] Draber-Moňko A. 1997: The morphology of the egg of Rhinomorinia sarcophagina (Schiner, 1862) (Diptera, Rhinophoridae). Annales Zoologici 46: 225-232.

[4] Gregor F. & Rozkošný R. 1999: Calliphoridae, Rhinophoridae. In Rozkošný R. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera of the Pálava Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO II. Folia Facultatis Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 100: 403-410.

[5] Herting B. 1961: 64e. Rhinophoridae. In Lindner E. (ed.): Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region, Vol. 9, pp. 1-36.

[6] Pape T. 1992: Phylogeny of the Tachinidae family-group (Diptera: Calyptratae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 135: 43-86.

[7] Pape T. 1998: 3. 53. Family Rhinophoridae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with special reference to flies of economic importance), Vol. 3. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 679-689.

[8] Pape T. 2007: Rhinophoridae. In Pape T. (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 30.06.2009.

[9] Pape, T. & Arnaud, P.H., Jr. 2001. Bezzimyia a genus of New World Rhinophoridae (Insecta, Diptera). Zoologica Scripta 30: 257-297.

[10] Pape T. & Barták M. 2001: Rhinophoridae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in an Industrially Affected Region (North-Western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov Environs) II. Folia Facultatis Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 105: 485-487.

Melanophora Meigen, 1803
roralis (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ (B M ) SK
Oplisa Rondani, 1862
tergestina (Schiner, 1862) CZ ( M ) SK
Paykullia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
maculata (Fallén, 1815) CZ (B M ) SK
Phyto Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
melanocephala (Meigen, 1824) CZ (B M ) SK
Rhinomorinia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1899 
sarcophagina (Schiner, 1862) CZ (B M ) SK
Rhinophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
lepida (Meigen, 1824) CZ (B M ) SK
Stevenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
atramentaria (Meigen, 1824) CZ (B M ) SK
umbratica (Fallén, 1820) CZ (B M ) SK
Tricogena Rondani, 1856
rubricosa (Meigen, 1824) CZ (B M ) SK