Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Phaeomyiidae Verbeke, 1950

Rudolf Rozkošný

Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, CZ-61137 Brno, Czech Republic;

For a long time the Phaeomyiidae were treated as a subfamily of the Sciomyzidae, but their family status has recently become generally accepted. Small to moderately long acalyptrate flies (3.0-11.0 mm), differing from Sciomyzidae in presence of medial bristles on the middle and hind tibiae. Body colour usually brownish, and wing brown, infuscated. First radial vein setose in apical half but bare in Pelidnoptera nigripennis. The larva of this species is a parasitoid of millipedes (Vala et al. 1990), and usually only one larva develops to maturity per host. Adults are characteristic for mesic woods, and P. nigripennis also penetrates into more xerothermic habitats.

The general characteristics of the family are given by Rozkošný (1987, 1998), and all the species may be identified using the key published by Rozkošný (1987). Three species of this family are distributed throughout most of Europe (Rozkošný & Knutson 2007) and all were recorded from both parts of the Czech Republic as well as from Slovakia in the PCV2 (Rozkošný 1997). Some recent records have been summarised by Rozkošný and Barták (2001).

For financial support, the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic and the Masaryk University (grant No. MSM 0021622416) are acknowledged.


[1] Rozkošný R. 1987: A review of the Palaearctic Sciomyzidae (Diptera). Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 86: 1-100.

[2] Rozkošný R. 1997: Phaeomyiidae. In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Karolinum – Charles University Press, Prague, p. 73.

[3] Rozkošný R. 1998: Phaeomyiidae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with special reference to flies of economic importance). Vol. 3. Higher Brachycera. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 377-382.

[4] Rozkošný R. & Barták M. 2001: Phaeomyiidae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in industrially affected region (north-western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov environs) II. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 105: 319-321.

[5] Rozkošný R. & Knutson L. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Phaeomyiidae. In Pape T. (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <http//>. Retrieved 07.08.2009.

[6] Vala J.C., Bailey P.T. & Gasc C. 1990: Immature stages of the fly Pelidnoptera nigripennis (Fabricius) (Diptera: Phaeomyiidae), a parasitoid of millipedes. Systematic Entomology 15: 391-399.

Pelidnoptera Rondani, 1856
fuscipennis (Meigen, 1830)  CZ (B M ) SK
leptiformis (Schiner, 1864)  CZ (B M ) SK
nigripennis (Fabricius, 1794) CZ (B M ) SK