Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Pediciidae Osten Sacken, 1860

Jaroslav Starý

Department of Zoology and Laboratory of Ornithology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, tř. Svobody 26, CZ-771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic;

This family comprises mostly medium-sized to large species, reaching its maximum with Pedicia rivosa which has a wing-length of over 25 mm. The Pediciidae can be characterised by pubescent eyes and spurred tibiae in combination with certain venational features, such as Sc2 retracted before the origin of Rs and a four-branched media. The larvae are predominantly aquatic or semiaquatic, preying on oligochaetes, mites, insect larvae and other invertebrates. However, the larvae of one genus, Ula Haliday, 1833, are mycetophagous, and those of Nasiternella Wahlgren, 1904 appear to be saproxylic. In general, adults occupy similar habitats to Limoniidae and other Tipulomorpha, but a considerable proportion of the species are found along rapidly flowing mountain streams. Many species produce swarms of predominantly male specimens.

Altogether 67 species and subspecies are known to occur in Europe (calculated from Oosterbroek 2009). 43 species are listed in the present checklist: 38 species from the Czech Republic (31 in Bohemia and 37 in Moravia) and 41 from Slovakia. Compared with the PCV2, three species have been added for the Czech Republic (nine in Bohemia and four in Moravia), and four species for Slovakia. Names that have been changed for various reasons are noted in the checklist. The Czech Republic and Slovakia are among the best-investigated countries in Europe for the Pediciidae, but further additions are still possible, of species known to occur in adjacent countries or species that are still undescribed.

The family was treated as a subfamily of the Limoniidae until Starý (1992) raised it to family rank. The treatment by Savchenko (1986) can be used for identification of the species. Subsequent papers should, however, also be consulted. The work by Podenas et al. (2006) on the Swiss Limoniidae and Pediciidae represents the most recent identification tool. The genera and subgenera can be identified using the keys by Dienske (1987) and Reusch and Oosterbroek (1997). The nomenclature adopted in this checklist is summarised in Oosterbroek (2009); subspecies category is not shown for nominotypical subspecies (Pedicia rivosa).

The work was supported by grants 206/04/1170 from the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic and MSM619859212 from the Czech Ministry of Education.


[1] Dienske J.W. 1987: An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the western Palaearctic Limoniidae (Insecta: Diptera), including a description of the external morphology. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde (A) (No. 409) 1987: 1-52.

[2] Oosterbroek P. 2009: Catalogue of the Craneflies of the World (Insecta, Diptera, Nematocera, Tipuloidea). Version 3, Feb 2009. <>. Retrieved 03.08.2009.

[3] Podenas S., Geiger W., Haenni J.-P. & Gonseth Y. 2006: Limoniidae & Pediciidae de Suisse. Fauna Helvetica, Vol. 14. Centre suisse de cartographie de la faune & Schweizerische Entomologische Gesellschaft, Neuchâtel, 375 pp.

[4] Reusch H. & Oosterbroek P. 1997: Diptera Limoniidae and Pediciidae, Short-palped Craneflies. In Nilsson A.N. (ed.): Aquatic Insects of North Europe – A Taxonomic Handbook Vol. 2. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 105-132 pp.

[5] Salmela J. & Piirainen T. 2003: Contribution to the taxonomy of the Holarctic Ula Haliday, 1833 (Diptera, Pediciidae). Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 73-90.

[6] Savchenko E.N. 1986: Limoniidae (general characteristics, Pediciinae, Hexatominae). Fauna Ukrainy 14 (2). Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 380 pp. [in Russian]

[7] Starý J. 1992: Phylogeny and classification of Tipulomorpha, with special emphasis on the family Limoniidae. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 35: 11-36.

[8] Starý J. 1998: Two new species of Dicranota (Paradicranota), related to D. (P.) landrocki Czižek, 1931 (Diptera, Pediciidae). Časopis Slezského muzea, Opava (A) 47: 25-29.

[9] Starý J. 1999: Faunistic records: Trichoceridae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae. In Jedlička L. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 9. Slovak Entomological Society, Bratislava, pp. 187-188.

[10] Starý J. 2004a: Dicranota (Paradicranota) cinerascens Lackschewitz, 1940, a valid species (Diptera: Pediciidae). Aquatic Insects 26: 273-279.

[11] Starý J. 2004b: Faunistic records from the Czech and Slovak Republics: Limoniidae, Pediciidae. In Kubík Š. & Barták M. (eds): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 11. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 109: 321-322.

[12] Starý J. 2004c: Faunistic records from the Czech and Slovak Republics: Trichoceridae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae. In Bitušík P. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 12. Acta Facultatis Ecologiae 12/Suppl. 1: 155-156.

[13] Starý J. 2006a: Nomenclatural changes in West Palaearctic Limoniidae and Pediciidae. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Biologica 49: 175-186.

[14] Starý J. 2006b: Faunistic records from the Czech and Slovak Republics: Limoniidae, Pediciidae. Entomofauna carpathica 18: 38

[15] Starý J. 2007: Faunistic records from Czech Republic and Slovakia: Trichoceridae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae, Tipulidae. In  Stloukalová V. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 14. Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 47: 247-248.

[16] Starý J. 2009: New records of Limoniidae, Pediciidae and Tipulidae (Diptera) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Folia faunistica Slovaca 14: 95-97.

[17] Starý J. & Barták M. 2000: Pediciidae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in an industrially affected region (north-western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov environs), I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 104: 37-40.

Dicranota Zetterstedt, 1838
Dicranota s. str.
bimaculata (Schummel, 1829) CZ   (B M ) SK
guerini Zetterstedt, 1838 SK
Ludicia Hutson & Vane-Wright, 1969
lucidipennis (Edwards, 1921) CZ   (B M ) SK
Paradicranota Alexander in Curran, 1934
brevicornis Bergroth, 1891 CZ   (B M ) SK
brevitarsis Bergroth, 1891 CZ   (B M ) SK
candelisequa Starý, 1981 CZ   ( M ) SK
carbo Starý, 1998 CZ (B M )
cinerascens Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ (B M ) SK
consimilis Mendl, 1987 SK
flammatra Starý, 1981 CZ   (B M ) SK
gracilipes Wahlgren, 1905 CZ   (B M ) SK
landrocki Czižek, 1931 CZ   ( M ) SK
martinovskyi Starý, 1974 CZ   ( M ) SK
mikiana Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ   ( M ) SK
minuta Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ   ( M ) SK
pallens Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ   (B M ) SK
pavida (Haliday, 1833) CZ   (B M ) SK
robusta Lundström, 1912 CZ   (B M ) SK
schistacea Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ   ( M ) SK
simulans Lackschewitz, 1940 CZ   (B M ) SK
subflammatra Starý, 1998 CZ (B M ) SK
subtilis Loew, 1871 CZ   (B M ) SK
Rhaphidolabis Osten Sacken, 1869
exclusa (Walker, 1848) CZ   (B ) SK
Nasiternella Wahlgren, 1904
varinervis (Zetterstedt, 1851) SK
Pedicia Latreille, 1809
Amalopis Haliday, 1856
occulta (Meigen, 1830) CZ   (B M ) SK
Crunobia Kolenati, 1859
littoralis (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
nielseni (Slípka, 1955) CZ   ( M ) SK in PCV2 as a subspecies of P. (C.) riedeli (Lackschewitz, 1940), now a separate species [9
pallens Savchenko, 1978 CZ   (B M ) SK in PCV2 as a subspecies of P. (C.) zernyi (Lackschewitz, 1940), now a separate species [13]
riedeli (Lackschewitz, 1940) CZ   (B M ) in PCV2 as a nominotypical subspecies, now a monotypic species [9]
straminea (Meigen, 1838) CZ   (B M ) SK
Pedicia s. str.
rivosa (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
Tricyphona Zetterstedt, 1837
Tricyphona s. str.
alpigena (Strobl, 1910) CZ   (B M ) SK
alticola Strobl, 1910 SK
contraria Bergroth, 1888 CZ   (B M ) SK
immaculata (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
livida Madarassy, 1881 CZ   (B M ) SK
schummeli Edwards, 1921 CZ   (B M ) SK
unicolor (Schummel, 1829) CZ   (B M ) SK
Ula Haliday, 1833
Ula s. str.
bolitophila Loew, 1869 CZ   (B M ) SK
mixta Starý, 1983 CZ   (B M ) SK
mollissima Haliday, 1833 CZ   (B M ) SK
succincta Alexander, 1933 SK in PCV2 as U. (U.) ciscuncta Starý, 1997 [5]
sylvatica (Meigen, 1818) CZ   (B M ) SK