Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Mycetobiidae Crampton, 1924

Jan Ševčík

University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, CZ-710 00 Ostrava & Silesian Museum, Tyršova 1, CZ-746 01 Opava, Czech Republic;

Medium-sized (4.0-8.0 mm), dark coloured Nematocera with elongated body and legs. Eyes separated, but almost touching at vertex; three ocelli; antenna relatively short, tapering, scape and pedicel short, flagellum with 14 segments. Wing moderately large, without dark markings, C ending beyond tip of R, anal vein strong and reaching wing margin, d-cell absent. The larvae are saprophagous and are found in various decaying and fermenting organic materials such as sap runs, or under the bark of trees (Hancock et al. 1996, Krivosheina 1997). The adults are very rare, occurring from May to June, mainly in forest habitats.

Altogether three species are known to occur in Europe (Chandler 2007); all of them are listed in the present checklist three from the Czech Republic (three from Bohemia, three from Moravia), and two from Slovakia. Since the PCV2 (Martinovský 1997), one species has been added to the fauna of the Czech Republic (also one for Moravia) and two species to the fauna of Slovakia (Ševčík 1999, 2004, 2005). One species new to Bohemia was recently added by Ševčík et al. (2009). The species composition of the mycetobiid fauna in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia is relatively well known, although at least one additional species is expected.

The basic characteristics of the family were recently given by Krivosheina (1997). The systematic position of the family is still not fully clarified and some authors tend to treat it as a subfamily of the Anisopodidae (Michelsen 1999). The identification of the European species is based mainly on the complex structure of the male or female terminalia and is possible using the keys and figures by Hancock et al. (1996) and Mamaev (1968). The nomenclature used in the present checklist follows that in the Fauna Europaea (Chandler 2007).


[1] Chandler P.J. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Mycetobiidae. In Jong H. de (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera Nematocera. Fauna Europaea Version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 24.08.2009.

[2] Hancock E.G., Robertson D.M. & MacGowan I. 1996: Saproxylic Diptera in Scotland 1. Additions to the British fauna of Mycetobia (Diptera; Mycetobiidae). Dipterists Digest 3: 32-35.

[3] Krivosheina N.P. 1997: Family Mycetobiidae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 2. Science Herald. Budapest, pp. 249-254.

[4] Mamaev B.M 1968: New Nematocerous Diptera of the USSR fauna (Diptera, Axymiidae, Mycetobiidae, Sciaridae, Cecidomyiidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 47: 605-616.

[5] Martinovský J. 1997: Mycetobiidae. In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Carolinum Charles University Press, Prague, p. 32.

[6] Michelsen V. 1999: Wood gnats of the genus Sylvicola (Diptera, Anisopodidae): taxonomic status, family assignment, and review of nominal species described by J. C. Fabricius. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 142: 69-75.

[7] Ševčík J. 1999: First record of Mycetobia pallipes (Diptera, Mycetobiidae) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 54: 168.

[8] Ševčík J. 2004: Faunistic records from the Czech and Slovak Republics: Diptera. Mycetobiidae. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 109: 324.

[9] Ševčík J. 2005: New records of Bolitophilidae, Mycetophilidae, Anisopodidae and Mycetobiidae (Diptera) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 60: 588, 598.

[10] Ševčík J., Barták M. & Vaněk J. 2009: Dvoukřídlí (Diptera) čeledí Anisopodidae (stružilkovití), Mycetobiidae a Dixidae (komárcovití) vysokých poloh Krkonoš (Česká republika). Opera Corcontica 46: 90-96.

Mycetobia Meigen, 1818
obscura Mamaev, 1968 CZ   (B M )
pallipes Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
gemella Mamaev, 1968 CZ (B M ) SK