Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Keroplatidae Rondani, 1856

Jan Ševčík1 & Vladimír Košel2

1 University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, CZ-710 00 Ostrava & Silesian Museum, Tyršova 1, CZ-746 01 Opava, Czech Republic;
2 Department of Zoology, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina, SK-842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia;

Small to large (3.0-15 mm), morphologically diverse, yellowish to dark brown fungus gnats. Head with three ocelli; antenna with scape and pedicel short, flagellum with 14 segments, in some Macrocerinae very long (several times longer than body), in Keroplatinae sometimes with laterally flattened segments. Mouthparts in some genera elongated. Thorax hump-backed, legs with long coxae, abdomen usually narrow. Wings often with dark markings, wing membrane with or without macrotrichia. Sc ending in C, R and M fused for a short distance. The larvae are predaceous or mycophagous, usually associated with wood-decaying fungi. The larvae of Keroplatus Bosc, 1792 and some other genera are known for their bioluminescence. Adults occur in the undergrowth of forests, especially in shaded places alongside streams and on tree trunks, but also in meadow and steppe habitats.

At present, the family Keroplatidae is divided into four subfamilies – Keroplatinae, Macrocerinae, Arachnocampinae and Sciarokeroplatinae (Matile 1990, Papp & Ševčík 2005, Søli et al. 2000). Like other fungus gnat families of the superfamily Sciaroidea, it was formerly included in the Mycetophilidae. There are about 800 described species in the world (Søli et al. 2000), but probably the same number of species still await description. More than 100 species are known to occur in Europe (Chandler 2007, Søli et al. 2000); 61 are listed in the present checklist – 60 from the Czech Republic (43 in Bohemia, 55 in Moravia), and 45 from Slovakia. Since the PCV2 (Košel et al. 1997), 19 species have been added to the Czech Republic (14 species for Bohemia and 20 for Moravia), and 8 species to Slovakia (Martinovský 2001, Martinovský & Barták 2000, Martinovský & Ševčík 1998, Ševčík 2001a,  2001b, 2002, 2004, 2006a, 2006b, Ševčík & Martinovský 1999, Ševčík et al. 2005). Since the ECV1 (Ševčík & Košel 2006), one species has been added to the Czech Republic (Bohemia) and nine species to Slovakia (Ševčík 2007, 2009a, b, Ševčík & Vonička 2008). The species composition of Keroplatidae in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia is relatively well known, although several additional species can still be expected, especially in Slovakia.

The basic characteristics of the family were recently given by Matile (1990), Søli et al. (2000), Hutson et al. (1980) and Zaitzev (1994), including the identification keys. The nomenclature used in the present checklist follows that in the Fauna Europaea (Chandler 2007).


[1] Chandler P. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Keroplatidae. In Jong H. de (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Nematocera. Fauna Europaea Version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 01.09.2009.

[2] Hutson A.M., Ackland D.M. & Kidd L.N. 1980: Mycetophilidae (Bolitophilinae, Ditomyiinae, Diadocidiinae, Keroplatinae, Sciophilinae and Manotinae). Diptera, Nematocera. Handbooks for the identification of British insects 9: 1-111.

[3] Kjaerandsen J., Martinsson S., Hedmark K. & Evenhuis N.L. 2009: On the genus Urytalpa Edwards (Diptera: Keroplatidae) in the Nordic and Nearctic regions, with fixation of a new type species and a key to world males. Zootaxa 2160: 29-50.

[4] Košel V., Chandler P. & Martinovský J. 1997: Keroplatidae. In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Karolinum – Charles University Press, Prague, p. 18-19.

[5] Martinovský J. 2001: New records on little-known western Palaearctic Macrocera Meigen, with a description of M. jonica sp. n. from Greece (Diptera: Keroplatidae). In Chvála M. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca 10, Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 45: 109-114

[6] Martinovský J. & Barták M. 2000: Keroplatidae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in an industrially affected region (North-Western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov environs) I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 104: 57-58.

[7] Martinovský J. & Ševčík J. 1998: Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae,  Macroceridae, Mycetophilidae. In Rozkošný R. & Vaňhara J. (eds.): Diptera of the Pálava Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO, I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 99: 41-47.

[8] Matile L. 1990: Recherches sur la systématique et l'évolution des Keroplatidae (Diptera, Mycetophiloidea). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Paris, Sér. A, Zoologie 148: 1-654.

[9] Papp L. & Ševčík J. 2005: Sciarokeroplatinae, a new subfamily of Keroplatidae (Diptera). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51: 113-123.

[10] Søli G.E.E., Vockeroth J.R. & Matile L. 2000: A.4. Families of Sciaroidea. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Appendix. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 49-92.

[11] Ševčík J. 2001a: New records of Diadocidiidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae (Diptera: Sciaroidea) from the Czech Republic. Časopis Slezského zemského muzea, Opava (A) 50: 159-169.

[12] Ševčík J. 2001b: Diptera (excluding Mycetophilidae s. str.) associated with fungi in Czech and Slovak Republics: a survey of rearing records from 1998-2000. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Biologica 45: 157-168.

[13] Ševčík J. 2002: New records of Bolitophilidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae (Diptera) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 57: 198, 212.

[14] Ševčík J. 2004: New data on Sciaroidea (Diptera) from the Czech and Slovak Republics, with descriptions of seven new species of Mycetophilidae. Časopis Slezského zemského muzea, Opava (A) 53: 49-74.

[15] Ševčík J. 2006a: Keroplatidae. In Kinkorová J. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca, Vol. 13. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Biologica 50: 137.

[16] Ševčík J. 2006b: Faunistic records from the Czech and Slovak Republics. Diptera: Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Mycetophilidae, Dixidae. Entomofauna carpathica 18: 46

[17] Ševčík J. 2006c: Dvoukřídlí (Diptera: Nematocera) čeledí Mycetophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae a Keroplatidae CHKO Kokořínsko. Bohemia centralis 27: 405-410.

[18] Ševčík J. 2007: Faunistic records from Czech Republic and Slovakia. Keroplatidae. In Stloukalová V. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca, Vol. 14. Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 47: 249.

[19] Ševčík J. 2009a: Two new species and other new records of fungus gnats (Diptera: Mycetophilidae and Keroplatidae) from Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Časopis Slezského zemského muzea, Opava (A) 58: 55-60.

[20] Ševčík J. 2009b: Keroplatidae. In Roháček J. & Ševčík J. (eds): Diptera of the Poľana Protected Landscape Area – Biosphere Reserve (Central Slovakia). SNC SR, Administration of the PLA – BR Poľana, Zvolen, pp. 53-56.

[21] Ševčík J. & Košel V. 2006: Keroplatidae Rondani, 1856. In Jedlička L., Stloukalová V. & Kúdela M. (eds): Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Electronic version 1. <>. Retrieved 01.09.2009.

[22] Ševčík J., Kubík Š. & Barták M. 2005: Keroplatidae. In Barták M. & Kubík Š. (eds): Diptera of Podyjí National Park and Environs. Česká zemědělská univerzita, Praha, pp. 44-66.

[23] Ševčík J. & Martinovský J. 1999: Faunistic records. Keroplatidae, Mycetophilidae. In Jedlička L. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca. Vol. 9. Slovak Entomological Society, Bratislava, pp. 189-193.

[24] Ševčík J. & Vonička P. 2008: Dvoukřídlí (Diptera: Nematocera) čeledí Mycetophilidae (bedlobytkovití), Keroplatidae, Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Sciaridae (smutnicovití) a Anisopodidae (stružilkovití) Jizerských hor. Sborník Severočeského Muzea, Přírodní Vědy, Liberec 26: 95-127.

[25] Zaitzev A.I. 1994: Fungus gnats of the fauna of Russia and adjacent regions. Part 1. Nauka, Moscow, 288 pp.

Antlemon Loew, 1871
Antlemonopsis Tollet, 1953
brevimanum (Loew, 1871) CZ   (B M ) SK
servulum (Walker, 1836) CZ   ( M )
Asindulum Latreille, 1805
nigrum Latreille, 1805 CZ   (B M )
Cerotelion Rondani, 1856
striatum (Gmelin, 1790) CZ   (B M ) SK
racovitzai Matile & Burghele-Bălăcesco, 1969 CZ   (B M ) SK
Isoneuromyia Brunetti, 1912
semirufa (Meigen, 1818) CZ   (B M ) SK
Keroplatus Bosc, 1792
dispar Dufour, 1839 CZ ( M ) SK
reaumurii (Dufour, 1839) CZ   (B M )
testaceus (Dalman, 1818) CZ   (B M ) SK
tipuloides Bosc, 1792 CZ   (B M )
tuvensis Zaitzev, 1991 CZ ( M )
Macrorrhyncha Winnertz, 1846
ancae Matile, 1975 CZ ( M )
collarti Tollet, 1955  CZ (B M ) SK
flava Winnertz, 1846 CZ   (B M ) SK
Monocentrota Edwards, 1925
lundstroemi Edwards, 1925 CZ (B M ) SK
Neoplatyura Malloch, 1928
flava (Macquart, 1826) CZ   ( M ) SK
modesta (Winnertz, 1863) CZ (B M ) SK
nigricauda (Strobl, 1893) CZ (B M ) SK
Orfelia Costa, 1857
bicolor (Macquart, 1836) CZ ( M ) SK in PCV2 as O. basalis (Winnertz, 1867) [16]
discoloria (Meigen, 1818) CZ   (B M ) SK
falcata Zaitzev, 1994 CZ (B ) SK
fasciata (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
gruevi Bechev, 2002 SK
nemoralis (Meigen, 1818) CZ   (B M ) SK
nigricornis (Fabricius, 1805) CZ   ( M )
ochracea (Meigen, 1818) CZ (B M ) SK in ECV1 as O. unicolor (Staeger, 1840) [3]
pallida (Staeger, 1840) CZ (B M )
tristis (Lundström, 1911)  CZ (B M )
Platyura Meigen, 1803
marginata Meigen, 1804 CZ   (B M ) SK
Pyratula Edwards, 1929
alpicola Chandler in Chandler & Blasco-Zumeta, 2001 CZ ( M )
oracula Chandler, 1994 CZ ( M )
perpusilla (Edwards, 1913) CZ (B M ) SK
zonata (Zetterstedt, 1855) CZ   (B M ) SK
Rocetelion Matile, 1988
humerale (Zetterstedt,1850) CZ   (B M ) SK
Rutylapa Edwards, 1929
ruficornis (Zetterstedt, 1851) CZ   ( M )
Urytalpa Edwards, 1929
dorsalis (Staeger, 1840) CZ   (B M ) SK in ECV1 as U. ochracea (Meigen, 1818) [3]
rhapsodica Chandler, 1995  CZ (B ) SK
Macrocera Meigen, 1803
alpicola Winnertz, 1863 CZ   ( M ) SK
anglica Edwards, 1925 CZ (B M ) SK
angulata Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
centralis Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
crassicornis Winnertz, 1863 CZ   (B M ) SK
estonica Landrock, 1924 CZ (B )
fasciata Meigen, 1804 CZ   (B M ) SK
fascipennis Staeger, 1840 CZ ( M ) SK
fastuosa Loew, 1869 CZ   (B M ) SK
inversa Loew, 1869 CZ   (B M ) SK
longibrachiata Landrock, 1917 CZ   ( M ) SK
lutea Meigen, 1804 CZ   (B M ) SK
maculata Meigen, 1818 CZ   ( M )
nigricoxa Winnertz, 1863 CZ   ( M ) SK
nigropicea Lundström, 1906 CZ (B )
parva Lundström, 1914 CZ   (B M ) SK
phalerata Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
pilosa Landrock, 1917 CZ   (B M ) SK
pusilla Meigen, 1830 CZ   ( M ) SK
stigma Curtis, 1837 CZ   (B M ) SK
stigmoides Edwards, 1925 CZ   (B M ) SK
sudetica Landrock, 1923 CZ   ( M ) SK
vittata Meigen, 1830 CZ   (B M ) SK
zetterstedti Lundström, 1914 CZ (B )