Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Hippoboscidae Samouelle, 1819

Oldřich Sychra

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, CZ-612 42 Brno, Czech Republic;

Robust, more or less dorsoventrally flattened flies, 1.5-12.0 mm long, usually dull with variable and poorly defined pale markings, and richly setose. Eyes separated in both sexes; ocelli often well-developed but sometimes vestigial or absent; antenna short and highly modified (Maa & Peterson 1987). Wing usually fully developed, rarely reduced or absent, membrane of wing often with microtrichia forming various patterns and of some taxonomic importance; venation simple and nearly complete or variously reduced. Legs robust, moderately short. Adult hippoboscids are blood­sucking ectoparasites of birds and mammals, and some species (e.g. Lipoptena cervi) occasionally also attack man. Some species are host specific whereas others feed on an array of hosts (Büttiger 1994, Chalupský & Povolný 1983, Krištofík 1998, Povolný & Rosický 1955). All species are macrolarviparous, retaining the larva in the uterus until the end of the third instar: the three larval instars feed on secretions from the maternal accessory glands. The stage at which larviposition occurs very probably represents a prepupal larva. The larva (or pupa) may be deposited in birds' nests or on the hair of a mammalian host, but sometimes it also falls to the ground.

Altogether 30 species are known to occur in Europe (Petersen 2007); 19 are listed in the present checklist (16 in the Czech Republic, 9 in Bohemia, 16 in Moravia, and 16 in Slovakia). The species-richness of the hippoboscid fauna is well known in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The basic characteristics of the family were given by Chalupský (1980). All the Czech species are reliably distinguishable by the structure of wings, the thoracic structures and the setae, and may be identified using the keys and figures by Büttiker (1994) or Chalupský (1980), who also summarized and completed earlier faunistic data. The nomenclature of the Fauna Europaea (Petersen 2007) is used in the present checklist.


[1] Büttiger W. 1994: Die Lausfliegen der Schweiz (Diptera, Hippoboscidae) mit Bestimmungsschlüssel. Documenta Faunistica Helvetiae 15: 1-117.

[2] Chalupský J. 1980: Hippoboscidae Klošovití. In Chvála M. (ed.): Krevsající mouchy a střečci. Fauna ČSSR, 22, Academia, Praha, pp. 447-478

[3] Chalupský J. & Povolný D. 1983: Additional notes to a list of Czechoslovak Hippoboscidae (Diptera). Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Brno, Facultas Agronomica 31: 137-141.

[4] Krištofík J. 1998: Louseflies (Diptera, Hippoboscidae) in the collections of František Balát. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae 83: 211-216.

[5] Maa T.C. & Peterson B.V. 1987: Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Volume 2, Monograph No. 28. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, pp. 1271-1281.

[6] Petersen F.T. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Hippoboscidae. In Pape T. (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 24.06.2009.

[7] Povolný D. & Rosický B. 1955: Faunisticko-bionomický nástin klošovitých (Hippoboscidae, Diptera) z území ČSR. Zoologické a entomologické listy 4: 5-20.

Ornithoica Rondani, 1878
turdi (Latreille, 1811) CZ   ( M ) SK
Ornithomyia Latreille, 1802
avicularia (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
biloba Dufour, 1827 CZ   (B M ) SK
chloropus Bergroth, 1901 CZ   ( M )
fringilina Curtis, 1836 CZ   (B M ) SK
Ornithophila Rondani, 1879
metallica (Schiner, 1864) CZ   ( M )
Olfersia Wiedemann, 1830
fumipennis (Sahlberg, 1886) CZ   ( M ) SK
Icosta Speiser, 1905
ardeae (Macquart, 1835) CZ   (B M ) SK
minor (Bigot, 1858) CZ   ( M )
Pseudolynchia Bequaert, 1926
canariensis (Macquart, 1840)  CZ   ( M ) SK
Crataerina von Olfers, 1816
pallida (Latreille, 1812) CZ   (B M ) SK
Stenepteryx Leach, 1817
hirundinis (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
Hippobosca Linnaeus, 1758
equina Linnaeus, 1758 CZ   ( M ) SK
longipennis Fabricius, 1805 SK
variegata Megerle, 1803 SK
Lipoptena Nitsch, 1818
cervi (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
fortisetosa Maa, 1965 CZ   (B M ) SK
Melophagus Latreille, 1802
ovinus (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
rupicaprinus Rondani, 1879 SK