Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Bombyliidae Latreille, 1802

Alois Čelechovský1 & Jaroslav Bosák2

1 Department of Zoology and Laboratory of Ornithology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, tř. Svobody 26, CZ-771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic;
2 Ecological Consulting, a. s., Na Střelnici 48, CZ-779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic;

The family Bombyliidae includes several significantly differentiated subfamilies. Many different opinions concerning their taxonomic status and position have been formulated in last few decades (e.g. Greathead & Evenhuis 1997, Zaitzev 1991). In the PCV2 (Bosák 1997a, b), the Phthiriidae was ranked as a separate family, however, here we are again classifying the Phthiriinae as a subfamily of the family Bombyliidae (c. f. Bosák 2006), in agreement with the overall approach to the family within the framework of the Fauna Europaea (Greathead 2007).

Body size of adults ranging from 0.9 to 27.0 mm. Body in most cases covered with hairs, bristles or pollinosity. Wings absolutely hyaline or with diverse colour patterns frequently covering the entire wing surface. Head rounded and convex anteriorly; occiput flat or tumid with a single occipital foramen or concave with occipital foramen divided and with a deep groove behind the ocellar triangle. Ocelli present. Proboscis short (Anthracinae, Lomatiinae) to long, as much as four times as long as head (e.g. Bombyliinae, Phthiriinae). Legs slender and long, empodium absent, and pulvilli present or absent. Thorax uniform in structure. Abdomen wide, rounded, cylindrical or short to elongate-conical. The adult morphology is treated in detail in a number of papers (e.g. Greathead & Evenhuis 1997, Hull 1973). The adults are heliophilous and suck nectar from flowers. The larvae are parasites or hyperparasites, and their hosts are various insect species from the orders Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera and Orthoptera.

The total number of species worldwide is approximately 4000. Altogether 335 species of the family are currently known from Europe (Greathead 2007). The preset checklist consists of 55 species from the Czech Republic and Slovakia: 51 from the Czech Republic (43 from Bohemia, 43 from Moravia), and 47 from Slovakia (Bosák 1997a, b, 2006, Čelechovský 2007,  Greathead et al. 2005). The species-richness of the bee-fly fauna is well known in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia.


[1] Bosák J. 1997a: Phthiriidae. In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Karolinum – Charles University press, Praha, pp. 45-46.

[2] Bosák J. 1997b: Bombyliidae. In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Karolinum – Charles University press, Praha, pp. 45.

[3] Bosák J. 2006: Bombyliidae Latreile 1802. In Jedlička L., Stloukalová V & Kúdela M. (eds): Chcecklist of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Electronic version 1. <> + CD-ROM: ISBN 80-969629-0-6. Retrieved 04.08.2009.

[4] Čelechovský A. 2007: Faunistic records from Czech Republic and Slovakia. Bombyliidae. In Stloukalová V. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vo. 14,  Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 47: 254.

[5] Greathead D. 1995: A review of the genus Bombylius Linnaeus sensu lato (Diptera: Bombyliidae) from Africa and Eurasia. Entomologica scandinavica 26: 47-66.

[6] Greathead D. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Bombyliidae. In Pape T. (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 04.08.2009.

[7] Greathead D.J. & Evenhuis N.L. 1997: Bombyliidae. In Papp L. &  Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with special reference to flies of economic importance). Vol. 2. Nematocera and Lower Brachycera. Science Herald, Budapest, 487-512 pp.

[8] Greathead D., Gregor T., Barták M., Kubík Š. & Bosák J. 2005: Bombyliidae. In Barták M. & Kubík Š. (eds): Diptera of Podyjí National Park and its Environs. Česká zemedělská univerzita v Praze, 137-140 pp.

[9] Hull F.M. 1973: Bee flies of the World. The genera of the family Bombyliidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 286: 1-687.

[10] Zaitzev V.F. 1991: The phylogeny and system of Diptera of the superfamily Bombylioidea (Diptera). Entomological Review 71(4): 94-114.

Anthrax Scopoli, 1763
anthrax (Schrank, 1781) CZ  (B M ) SK
binotatus Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820 CZ  (B M )
trifasciatus Meigen, 1804 CZ  (B M ) SK
varius Fabricius, 1794 CZ  (B M ) SK
Spogostylum Macquart, 1840
aethiops (Fabricius, 1781) CZ  ( M ) SK
Anastoechus Osten-Sacken, 1877
nitidulus (Fabricius, 1794) CZ  (B ) SK
Bombylella Greathead, 1995
atra (Scopoli, 1763) CZ  (B M ) SK in PCV2 in genus Bombylius Linnaeus, 1758 [5]
Bombylisoma Rondani, 1856
minimum (Scopoli, 1772) SK
nigriceps (Loew, 1862) SK
Bombylius Linnaeus, 1758
analis Pôivier, 1798 CZ  (B M ) SK in PCV2 and ECV1 as undatus Mikan, 1796 [6]
canescens Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
cinerascens Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
discolor Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
fimbriatus Meigen, 1820 CZ  (B M ) SK
fulvescens Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820 CZ  ( M ) SK
major Linnaeus, 1758 CZ  (B M ) SK
medius Linnaeus, 1758 CZ  (B M ) SK
minor Linnaeus, 1758 CZ  (B M ) SK
nubilus Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
quadrifarius Loew, 1855 CZ  ( M ) SK
undatus Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
posticus Fabricius, 1805 CZ  (B M ) SK in PCV2 and ECV1 as B. vulpinus Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820 [6]
venosus Mikan, 1796 CZ  (B M ) SK
Conophorus Meigen, 1803
virescens (Fabricius, 1787) CZ  (B M ) SK
Systoechus Loew, 1855
ctenopterus (Mikan, 1796) CZ  (B M ) SK
Triplasius Loew, 1855
pictus (Panzer, 1794) CZ  (B M ) SK in PCV2 and ECV1 in genus Bombylius Linnaeus, 1758 [6]
Exhyalanthrax Becker, 1916
afer (Fabricius, 1794) CZ  (B M ) SK
Exoprosopa Macquart, 1840
capucina (Fabricius, 1781) CZ  (B ) SK
cleomene Egger, 1859 CZ  (B M ) SK
jacchus (Fabricius, 1805) CZ  (B ) SK
minos (Meigen, 1804) CZ M SK
Hemipenthes Loew, 1869
maura (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ  (B M ) SK
morio (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ  (B M ) SK
velutinus (Meigen, 1820) CZ  (B ) SK
Thyridanthrax Osten-Sacken, 1886
fenestratus (Fallén, 1814) CZ  (B M ) SK
Villa Lioy, 1864
cana (Meigen, 1804) CZ  (B M ) in PCV2 also as V. quinquefasciata (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820) [6]
cingulata (Meigen, 1804) CZ  (B M ) SK
claripennis (Kowarz, 1867) SK
deludens François, 1966 CZ  (B M ) SK
fasciata (Meigen, 1804)  CZ  (B ) SK in PCV2 and ECV1 as V. circumdata (Meigen, 1820) [6]
halteralis (Kowarz, 1883) CZ  (B M ) SK
hottentotta (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ  (B M ) SK
humilis (Ruthe, 1831) CZ  (B ) SK
ixion (Fabricius, 1794) CZ  (B ) SK
modesta (Meigen, 1820) CZ  (B M )
occulta (Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820) CZ  (B )
paniscus (Rossi, 1790) CZ  (B M ) SK
Lomatia Meigen, 1822
erinnys Loew, 1869 SK
lachesis Egger, 1859 CZ  ( M )
lateralis (Meigen, 1820) CZ  (B M ) SK
sabaea (Fabricius, 1781) CZ  ( M ) SK
Phthiria Meigen, 1803
canescens Loew, 1846 CZ  ( M )
gaedei Wiedemann in Meigen, 1820 CZ  ( M )
minuta (Fabricius, 1805) CZ  (B M )
pulicaria (Mikan, 1796) CZ  (B M ) SK