Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Bolitophilidae Malloch, 1917

Vladimír Košel1 & Jan Ševčík2

1 Department of Zoology, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina, SK-842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia;
2 University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, CZ-710 00 Ostrava & Silesian Museum, Tyršova 1, CZ-746 46 Opava, Czech Republic;

Delicate, small to medium-sized flies (5.0-9.0 mm) with slender body and long legs. Body usually brown or grey, head with well developed eyes and three ocelli. Antenna 2+14 segmented, flagellomeres filiform, elongated, sometimes with long hairs. Wings narrow, slightly smoky, regularly with a spot (stigma) over R1 and R4, in some species also another one over r-m. Sc long, ending in C. R4 short, ending in C or R1 anteriorly. M with three branches. Wing membrane with microtrichia. The larvae are white, with head capsule strongly sclerotized, antenna three-segmented, prothorax and seven abdominal segments with spiracles (peripneustic type). The larvae are oligomycophagous, developing in soft or wood-decaying fungi (Ševčík 2001); they pupate in the fungus or in the humus layer of the soil. The pupa is free, without a web cocoon. The adults occur mostly in the undergrowth of mixed forests, especially in mountains, and in shaded places alongside streams. Some species aestivate and hibernate in caves.

There are about 60 species in the world, with 38 species in one genus (two subgenera) in the Palaearctic region and 36 in Europe (Chandler 2007, Plassmann 1988, Søli et al. 2000, Ševčík & Papp 2004). In the present checklist 19 species are listed, 17 species are reported from the Czech Republic (15 from Bohemia, 16 from Moravia) and 19 from Slovakia. Since the ECV1 (Košel & Ševčík 2006), one additional species was recorded in Slovakia (Ševčík 2007). 


[1] Chandler P.J. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Bolitophilidae. In Jong H. de  (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Nematocera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 13.07.2009.

[2] Košel V. 1999: Summer and winter parietal Nematocera (Diptera) in a cave in the Slovakian Carpathians. In Jedlička L. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 9. Slovak Entomological Society, Bratislava, pp. 97-101.

[3] Košel V. 2004: Parietal Diptera in caves of the Belianske Tatry Mts (Slovakia, the Western Carpathians) I. Introduction and species spectrum. In Bitušík P. (ed.): Dipterologica Bohemoslovaca Vol. 12, Acta Facultatis Ecologiae, 12/ Suppl. 1: 69-73.

[4] Košel V. & Ševčík J. 2006: Bolitophilidae. In Jedlička L., Stloukalová V. & Kúdela M. (eds): Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Electronic version 1. 

[5] Máca J. 2003: Inventarizační průzkum Národní přírodní rezervace Žofínský prales. Brouci (Coleoptera) a dvoukřídlí (Diptera). In Papáček M. (ed.): Biodiverzita a přírodní podmínky Novohradských hor II. Jihočeská univerzita a Entomologický ústav AV ČR, pp. 181-186.

[6] Martinovský J. & Barták M. 2000: Bolitophilidae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in an industrially affected region (North-Western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov environs) I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 104: 55-56.

[7] Martinovský J. & Ševčík J. 1998: Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Macroceridae, Mycetophilidae. In Rozkošný R. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera of the Pálava Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 99: 41-47.

[8] Plassmann E. 1988: Family Bolitophilidae. In Soós Á. & Papp L. (eds): Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol.3, Ceratopogonidae – Mycetophilidae. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 193-196.

[9] Søli G.E.E., Vockeroth J.R. & Matile L., 2000: A.4. Families of Sciaroidea. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Appendix. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 49-92.

[10] Ševčík J. 2001: Diptera (excluding Mycetophilidae s. str.) associated with fungi in Czech and Slovak Republics: a survey of rearing records from 1998-2000. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 45: 157-168.

[11] Ševčík J. 2002: New records of Bolitophilidae, Keroplatidae and Mycetophilidae (Diptera) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 57: 198, 212.

[12] Ševčík J. 2004a: New data on Sciaroidea (Diptera) from the Czech and Slovak Republics, with descriptions of seven new species of Mycetophilidae. Časopis Slezského muzea, Opava (A) 53: 49-74.

[13] Ševčík J. 2004b: Diptera associated with fungi in the Poloniny National Park (Bukovské vrchy Mts., East Slovakia). Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 109: 293-304.

[14] Ševčík J. 2005: New records of Bolitophilidae, Mycetophilidae, Anisopodidae and Mycetobiidae (Diptera) from Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 60: 588, 598.

[15] Ševčík J. 2007: Faunistic records from Czech Republic and Slovakia. Bolitophilidae. In Stloukalová V. (ed.): Dipterologica bohemoslovaca Vol. 14, Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 47: 248-249.

[16] Ševčík J. & Papp L. 2004: Bolitophilidae (Diptera) from Taiwan: a family new to the Oriental Region. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 50: 55-62.

Bolitophila Meigen, 1818
Bolitophila s. str.
austriaca (Mayer, 1950) CZ   (B M ) SK
basicornis (Mayer, 1951) CZ   (B M ) SK
cinerea Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
nigrolineata Landrock, 1912 SK
saundersii (Curtis, 1836) CZ   (B M ) SK
tenella Winnertz, 1863 CZ   (B M ) SK
Cliopisa Enderlein, 1936
aperta Lundström, 1914 CZ   (B M ) SK
bimaculata Zetterstedt, 1838 CZ   (B M ) SK
dubia Siebke, 1861 CZ   ( M ) SK
edwardsiana Stackelberg, 1969 SK
fumida Edwards, 1941 CZ   (B M ) SK
glabrata Loew, 1869 CZ   (B M ) SK
hybrida (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
ingrica Stackelberg, 1969 CZ   (B ) SK
maculipennis Walker, 1836 CZ   (B M ) SK
modesta Lackschewitz, 1937 CZ   (B M ) SK
occlusa Edwards, 1913 CZ   (B M ) SK
pseudohybrida Landrock, 1912 CZ   (B M ) SK
rectangulata Lundström, 1913 CZ   ( M ) SK