Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Bibionidae Fleming, 1821

Jean-Paul Haenni1 & Jaroslav Bosák2

1 Muséum d’histoire naturelle, Rue des Terreaux 14, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland;
2 Ecological Consulting, a.s., Na Střelnici 48, CZ-779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic;

Small to large (3.0-15.0 mm) nematocerous flies with a strong sexual dimorphism that is evident in both the morphology (eyes holoptic in males, broadly separated in females) and the colour. Bibionids are robust flies with a setose body, swollen fore femur, and fore tibia armed with series of spines (Dilophus) or strong apical spurs (Bibio). Antenna short with transverse antennomeres. Palpi four-segmented, longer than antenna. Wing with anterior veins darkened and posterior ones usually depigmented, basal radial and basal medials cells long, and R5 unforked in Bibionidae (s. s.) sensu e.g Krivosheina (1986). The phytosaprophagous larvae develop in decaying vegetable matter or leaf litter, and some species may become pests of crops while feeding on the roots of grasses and subterranean parts of plants.

The Bibionidae is a small family comprising about 700 world species (Skartveit 1997), of which about 40 species occur in Europe. Altogether 19 species are known from the Czech Republic (Bosák & Haenni 2006, Haenni & Barták 2000, Haenni et al. 2005) and 18 from Slovakia (Bosák & Haenni 2006, Pecina 1984, Roháček et al. 1995). One species, Dilophus antipedalis Wiedemann in Meigen, 1818, which was erroneously mentioned in previous versions of the checklist (Pecina 19871997), is deleted following Bosák and Haenni (2006) while another species has been added very recently (Haenni et al. 2005). On the other hand, some older records were overlooked in the preceding checklists. The species richness of the bibionid fauna is well known in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The nomenclature and classification of the present list follow the Fauna Europaea (Skartveit 2007), with some changes including treating the Pleciinae as a separate family. 


[1] Bosák J. &  Haenni J.-P. 2006: Genus Dilophus Meigen, 1803 (Diptera, Bibionidae) and its distribution in the Czech republic and Slovakia. Časopis Slezského Muzea Opava (A) 55: 146-152.

[2] Haenni J.-P. 1982: Révision des espèces européennes du groupe de Dilophus febrilis (L.), avec description d’une espèce nouvelle (Diptera, Bibionidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 89: 337-354.

[3] Haenni J.-P. & Barták M. 2000: Bibionidae. In Barták M. & Vaňhara J. (eds): Diptera in a Industrially Affected Region (North-Western Bohemia, Bílina and Duchcov Environs), I. Folia Facultatis Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia 104: 47-51.

[4] Haenni J.-P., Barták M. &  Kubík Š. 2005:  Bibionidae. In Barták M. & Kubík Š. (ed.): Diptera of Podyjí National Park and its Environs. ČZU v Praze, pp. 41-43.

[5] Krivosheina N. P. 1986: Bibionidae. In Soós Á. & Papp L. (eds): Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Sciaridae – Anisopodidae. Vol. 4. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 319-330.

[6] Pecina P. 1984: Bibionidae. In Čepelák J. (ed.): Diptera Slovenska I. Veda, Bratislava, pp. 141-143.

[7] Pecina P. 1987: Bibionidae. In Ježek J. (ed.): Enumerato insectorum Bohemoslovakiae. Check list of Czechoslovak insects. Vol. 2 (Diptera). Acta faunistica entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 18: 87-88.

[8] Pecina P. 1997: Bibionidae.  In Chvála M. (ed.): Check List of Diptera (Insecta) of the Czech and Slovak Republics. Karolinum – Charles University press, Praha, p 17.

[9] Roháček J., Starý J., Martinovský J. & Vála M. 1995: Diptera of the Bukovské hills. SAŽP, Prešov, 232 pp.

[10] Skartveit J. 1997: 2.5. Family Bibionidae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with special reference to flies of economic importance). Volume 2. Nematocera and Lower Brachycera. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 41-50.

[11] Skartveit J. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Bibionidae. In Jong H. de (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Nematocera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 23.10.2009.

Bibio Geoffroy, 1762
clavipes Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK in PCV2 SK erroneously omitted [6]
femoralis Meigen, 1838 CZ   (B M ) SK
ferruginatus (Linnaeus 1767) CZ   (B M ) SK in PCV2 SK erroneously omitted [9]
fulvipes (Zetterstedt, 1838) SK
hortulanus (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
johannis (Linnaeus, 1767) CZ   (B M ) SK
lanigerus Meigen, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK
lautaretensis Villeneuve, 1924 CZ   ( M )
leucopterus (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
marci (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
nigriventris Haliday, 1833 CZ   (B M ) SK
pomonae (Fabricius, 1775) CZ   (B M ) SK
reticulatus Loew, 1846 CZ   (B M ) SK
varipes Meigen, 1830 CZ   (B M ) SK
venosus (Meigen, 1804) CZ   (B M ) SK
Dilophus Meigen, 1803
bispinosus Lundström, 1913 CZ   ( M )
febrilis (Linnaeus, 1758) CZ   (B M ) SK
femoratus Meigen, 1804 CZ   (B M ) SK
humeralis Zetterstedt, 1850 CZ   (B M ) SK
neglectus Haenni, 1982 CZ   (B M ) SK in PCV2 M erroneously omitted [2]