Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
electronic version 2, 2009
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Braulidae Egger, 1853 (1846)

Jindřich Roháček

Department of Entomology, Silesian Museum, Tyršova 1, CZ-746 01 Opava, Czech Republic;

Minute to small (1.2-2.5 mm) wingless species. Body dorsoventrally flattened, setose, reddish to dark brown. Head broad, short; eye reduced to a minute pale spot behind the sunken antenna; ocelli absent. Thorax small, adpressed against abdomen, with sclerites reduced; scutellum, wings and halteres absent. Legs relatively long and robust, with short and broad tarsal segments, and claws modified into a comb of over twenty teeth curving inwards. Abdomen large, broad and dorsoventrally flattened but dorsally somewhat convex; terga with numerous strong setae, particularly laterally. The Braulidae are well-known as “bee-lice” in the nests of honey-bees (Apis spp.). The larvae are commensals, living in cells in the hive (nest) and feeding on pollen, honey and organic debris. Adults are “food-parasites” of adult bees, attaching themselves to the body of the queen (rarely of a worker) and feeding on liquids from the mouth-opening of the bee.

Altogether three species are known to occur in Europe and adjacent areas (as included in the Fauna Europaea, Carles-Tolrá 2007), but only one is known from the Czech Republic (in both Bohemia and Moravia) and from Slovakia. The occurrence of one more species in these countries is possible. The family was treated by Papp (Papp 1998) where references to all the important literature are given. No summary of previous faunistic data from the Czech Republic and Slovakia is available; these data are scattered in the apicultural literature. The nomenclature used in the present checklist follows that in the Fauna Europaea (Carles-Tolrá 2007). 


[1] Carles-Tolrá M. 2007: Fauna Europaea: Braulidae. In Pape T. (ed.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 1.3. <>. Retrieved 09.09.2009.

[2] Papp L. 1998: 3.29. Family Braulidae. In Papp L. & Darvas B. (eds): Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 3., Higher Brachycera, Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 325-330.

Braula Nitzsch, 1818
coeca coeca Nitzsch, 1818 CZ   (B M ) SK